Backup includes the following Syncers:

Syncers are used to keep source directories and their contents synchronized with a destination directory. Only the contents of the source directories that have changed are transferred to the destination. The source and destination locations may be on the same physical machine or remote, depending on the Syncer and its configuration.

Storages vs Syncers

Storages are part of the main Backup procedure, which consists of the following actions:

The last step is what Storages do.
Syncers are not part of this procedure, and are run after the above procedure has completed. However, it is a part of the entire backup process for the model. Therefore, if the backup procedure above completes, but a Syncer should fail, then that backup model will be considered as having failed and you will receive an appropriate Notification.

If you wish to more fully separate this backup procedure from the processing of your Syncer(s), you can simply setup additional models that only perform your Syncer(s). These can still be run after your backup model has completed by simply performing multiple triggers.

backup perform --trigger my_backup,my_syncer

Note that in doing so, you will now receive notifications from each - but notifications for each may also be configured differently. Also, should the first trigger/model fail, the second trigger/model will still be performed - as long as the failure isn’t due to a fatal error that causes Backup to exit.

Cloud Syncers

Supported Cloud Services

Unlike the RSync Syncer, which has the ability to transfer only parts of individual files, Cloud Syncers check the MD5 checksum of the local file, then transfers the entire file if the checksum on the remote does not match.


When a Cloud Syncer’s mirror option is set to true, Backup will remove all files from the remote that do not exist locally. File removal is performed after all updated files have been transferred, and performed using bulk delete requests to minimize the number of requests made to the remote.


Cloud Syncers may perform several concurrent file transfers by setting the Syncer’s thread_count. This allows for greater performance, especially when transferring many small files where more time is spent negotiating with the server than actually transferring data.

Error Handling

Each file transfer will be retried if an error occurs. By default, each failed transfer will be retried 10 times, pausing 30 seconds before each retry. These defaults may be changed using:

syncer.max_retries = 10
syncer.retry_waitsec = 30

When an error occurs that causes Backup to retry the request, the error will be logged. Note that these messages will be logged as informational messages, so they will not generate warnings. If max_retries is exceeded, then an error will be raised and the Syncer will fail.

If mirror is enabled, the file deletion requests will be retried as well. However, if max_retries is exceeded for this operation, it will be logged as a warning.

Data Integrity

All files are uploaded along with a MD5 checksum the server uses to verify the data received. If the integrity check fails, the error will be handled as stated above and the file will be retransmitted.

Syncer ID

When you add a Syncer to your Backup Model, you may optionally add a unique identifier.

sync_with RSync::Push, 'Syncer #1' do |rsync|
  # etc...

This syncer_id will appear in the log messages when the Syncer starts and finishes:

Syncer::RSync::Push (Syncer #1) Started...
Syncer::RSync::Push (Syncer #1) Finished!

This is not particularly important for Syncers, and is currently only used for the log messages. It’s more of an effort to maintain consistency, where all components that may be added multiple times to a single Backup Model can use this to uniquely identify themselves. For instance, with Storages this is required to keep Cycling data separate, and Databases use this to keep their backup dumps separate.